Steps for Successful Large Equipment Troubleshooting and Rebuilds

Modern equipment offers a high degree of reliability and efficiency. While this is certainly an advantage, the downside is that it may be often taken for granted until a problem occurs. Expert troubleshooting, regularly preventative maintenance and equipment rebuilds can help prevent sudden failures and downtime. Our highly-skilled commercial electricians share some useful tips for cost-effective operation.

  • Equipment inspections: When was the last time your mechanical and electrical systems were inspected? Deterioration of motors, generators, transformers, wires, cables, switchgear, batteries, light fixtures, arresters, electronic controllers, etc. over time is normal. However, studies show that industrial plants realized the lowest repair and replacement costs when a regular equipment inspection program was in place. Classify your equipment in terms of importance and risk to identify and record issues for corrective action. 
  • Preventative maintenance: Money spent on preventative maintenance will translate to lower equipment breakdown repair costs. Just fixing stuff when issues occur can be expensive. Your preventative maintenance program should be based on thorough equipment inspections and evaluations. In our experience, a one-size-fits-all approach to loss prevention tends to waste valuable resources and/or leads to neglect of critical actions. Also, simply following codes may not be enough. Codes typically assume that standard maintenance practices are in place, but they rarely mandate these practices. Furthermore, while for some equipment merely following code may be adequate, for other, the requirements may be even more stringent.
  • Equipment troubleshooting techniques: Expert troubleshooting involves correctly identifying the specific cause (or component) that is causing the problem. First, look for components which tend to burn or wear out, such as mechanical switches, fuses, relay contacts, or light bulbs. Coils, motors, transformers and other devices with windings which generate heat are the next probable cause of failure. Inspect screw and bolt connections as they can loosen over time and cause high resistance leading to burning. Finally, check for defective wiring. Remember that while you might identify the issue, you may not be qualified (as per OSHA requirements) to work on it.
  • Equipment rebuilds: Reconstructing equipment can give you increased lifespan with a lower price tag. When updated with the latest technology, it is often comparable to a new machine. In addition to environmental benefits, large equipment rebuilds have become popular because they save you money by prolonging the service life of your existing machines.

Avoid Outages and Loss of Productivity

Are you eager to prevent frequent equipment breakdowns? At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., our fully licensed and certified electricians are on the cutting-edge of technology. We recognize and adhere to the latest safety codes, providing service that delivers quality and value. Our comprehensive electrical solutions and tailored service plans are designed to prevent costly outages and optimize your returns. In addition to equipment installation, we also provide troubleshooting advice for repair and rebuilds.

With extensive experience in mechanical equipment and electrical systems in industrial and commercial plants,  we can help lower your operating costs. For over 25 years, industrial plant managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. You can also request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

Tips for Cost-Efficient Conveyor Installation and Maintenance

Conveyor belts are essential to a wide range of operations, including large manufacturing plants, distribution centers, airports, and smaller industrial units. Professional conveyor installation optimizes the service life of your material handling system and helps you maintain a safe working environment. Our highly-skilled commercial electricians share some valuable tips for cost-effective operation of your conveyer system.

  • Select the right size, capacity, and track configuration: From space-saving monorail conveyors to high-efficiency floor conveyors for assembly lines, and multi-track power conveyor systems that transport a variety of items, there are many options to choose from. Select a system that is appropriate for the type of material you want it to carry. Overloading your conveyor will damage it. We also recommend thinking ahead to accommodate any growth and expansion plans at your plant.
  • Pay attention to design: Your facility layout impacts the design and size of your conveyor belt. The ideal design covers all loading and unloading areas to improve work efficiency and productivity.
  • Choose throughput carefully: Depending on the nature of your business, you may need faster or slower throughput. This refers to conveyor speed or the maximum number of cases per minute (CPM) the conveyor will safely accommodate. To maintain optimal performance, engineers suggest that the CPM throughput should be within 10% of the maximum limit.
  • Calculate power requirements: Determining the power requirements of your conveyor belt is critical to preventing machine breakdown and system overload. We can help you properly estimate your requirements to avoid equipment damage and downtime costs.
  • Operator training: Only qualified personnel should operate a conveyor. Training should include instruction in operation under normal conditions as well as what to do in emergency situations. Loading and unloading points should also be kept clear of obstructions that could endanger personnel.
  • Regular maintenance: All mechanical equipment including conveyors need maintenance. Just fixing issues as they occur can be expensive. Adhering to a comprehensive preventative maintenance plan will help you maximize run time.

With the right system, correct conveyor installation, and regular upkeep, you can make the most of your investment. Working with an experienced provider of conveyors and a team of certified commercial electricians will help minimize your liabilities.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., our fully licensed and certified electricians ensure seamless installation and operation of your conveyor systems. Our expertise covers a wide range of material handling systems in industrial and commercial plants.  Leverage our tailored service plans to reduce implantation time, and optimize the returns on your investments. For over 25 years, industrial plant managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial, and mechanical contractor services.

Our comprehensive electrical solutions include machinery design and layout assistance, design and installation of power control systems, safety and security system installs, as well as test, commissioning, and 24/7 emergency repair services. Designed and installed to exacting standards, our power control solutions deliver consistent performance and ensure your peace of mind. You can count on us to ensure your system is up and running as soon as possible.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

Equipment Relocation: 5 Reasons You Need an Experienced Commercial Electrician

Are you in the process of moving your restaurant, store or manufacturing plant to a new location? Equipment relocation is one of the major challenges business owners and managers face. Hiring an experienced commercial electrician can mean the difference between a seamless start and thousands of dollars lost in unnecessary downtime.

Here 5 benefits you simply cannot ignore:

  1. Proper load sizing to avoid unnecessary shutdowns: An energy audit is critical to avoiding system overload and power failure in the new location. Your electrician will use this detailed assessment to estimate your exact requirements and create an efficient power distribution system.
  2. Equipment testing to make cost-saving decisions: You can ask your electrical contractor to test all equipment and machinery currently in use to help you determine which to move or replace. This can save you hundreds of dollars in transportation and repair costs.
  3. Professional electrical drawings to speed up the permit process: Obtaining electrical permits becomes easier when you have a well-mapped electrical plan. It also helps ensure machinery placement optimizes productivity and energy efficiency.
  4. Preserving equipment warranties and employee safety: Inexperienced handling of your expensive machinery can void warranties, and put your equipment operators in harm’s way. Professional equipment movers and electricians can ensure that machines are properly transported and installed, thus minimizing your liabilities.
  5. Testing and correcting glitches for a smooth start: From ensuring safety circuits and emergency stops are properly installed and working correctly, to verifying grounding and performing a power quality survey for voltage snags, a qualified electrician will quickly troubleshoot problems to prevent any startup delays.

There are several aspects to consider when moving your business, but minimizing downtime is always the top priority. Experienced industrial/commercial electricians can ensure your equipment relocation and startup in the new premises goes as planned.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer a full range of electrical services for plant relocation, expansion, and upgrades, as well as new builds. With our tailored installation and maintenance plans, you can optimize equipment efficiency and lifespan. For over 25 years, industrial plant managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial, and mechanical contractor services.

Our customized solutions are designed to deliver both quality and value. From machinery design and layout assistance, design and installation of power control systems, safety and security system installs, and more, we efficiently cover all your mechanical and electrical needs. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services for equipment relocation. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

Checklist for Manufacturing Plant Relocation

Setting up an efficient power distribution system as well as moving and reinstalling equipment are some of the biggest challenges you are likely to encounter during manufacturing plant relocation. Mitigating these operational risks is key to employee safety and productivity. Knowing what to look out for and detailed planning will make all the difference. Our experienced industrial electricians have created a handy checklist to help you minimize any production and financial implications.

  • Equipment testing: Do a detailed assessment of all machinery, including production lines, industrial chimneys, presses, furnaces, and other electric, piping and mechanical systems before the move. This will help determine which equipment you can move directly to the new facility and those that need repairs or replacement.
  • Estimate of power demand: Safety, reliability and energy efficiency are critical considerations while designing your electrical systems. An energy audit of your current plant will help you estimate electricity requirements and create an efficient power distribution system in the new facility. Unless you are upscaling and changing machinery. A proper assessment is critical to avoiding sudden shutdowns and loss of productivity as well as equipment damage. Remember that oversizing adds unnecessary costs while under sizing can result in system overload and power failure.
  • New plant layout review: Go over the equipment layout in the new plant prior to relocating. The objective is seamless workflow and energy efficiency. A well-conceived   layout of machinery, equipment and different departments supports optimal function.
  • Startup, test and correct any glitches in electrical systems and production lines: Here are some tips to help.
    • Compare pre-move readings with current ones to troubleshoot problems.
    • Check that safety circuits and emergency stops are properly installed and working correctly.
    • Verify grounding.
    • Do a power quality survey for voltage sags and other problems.

Seamless Manufacturing Plant Relocation

Relocating a manufacturing plant is no small endeavor, but with smart planning, detailed project coordination and experienced industrial electricians, your move can be seamless. 

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer a full range of industrial electrical services for plant relocation, expansion and upgrades. Our tailored service plans offer the most value for your money. With our skilled lifetime support for your mechanical and electrical systems, you can minimize operational risks. For over 25 years, industrial plant managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes.

From the food industry to chemical, water treatment and petroleum operations—we serve diverse clients. Our comprehensive electrical solutions include machinery design and layout assistance, design and installation of power control systems, safety and security system installs as well as test and commissioning and 24/7 emergency repair services.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

Industrial Energy Management: 5 Ways to Reduce Consumption in Your Plant

Efficient industrial energy management is the key to reducing operating costs and staying competitive. Studies show that nearly 30% of the energy used in the manufacturing sector is wasted. Inefficient lighting, equipment, refrigeration and heat processing systems as well as leaky compressors are the likely causes. Identifying idle equipment and making small operational and maintenance changes can have a positive impact on your bottom line.

Our experienced commercial electricians share 5 tips to help advance your conservation goals and lower your energy costs.

  1. Lighting: Improving lighting efficiency is one of the easiest ways to lower your energy bills. Switch to energy efficient lighting with control systems that allow you to monitor and manage usage. Install occupancy sensors to further reduce wastage.
  2. Machinery: A facility energy audit will help you determine which machinery uses the most energy. If possible, schedule usage of these machines outside of peak hours. This can reduce your power usage by up to 30%. Investing in premium efficiency motors will also lower energy consumption and improve productivity.
  3. Air compressors: An expensive component of facilities (up to 20% in certain industries) that use them, studies reveal that even a single compressor leak can cost your business $500 or more annually. Fixing leaks, eliminating unnecessary usage, and installing controls to optimize performance can result in significant operational savings.
  4. Scheduled shut-downs and start-ups: Powering off machinery after hours and on weekends and holidays can substantially lower your usage. As can staggering mechanical equipment start-ups to avoid large spikes in your energy demand.
  5. Maintenance: Regular maintenance of your machines, HVAC units, and refrigeration systems helps keep them at peak efficiency. Malfunctioning equipment will waste energy and add up costs.

Begin with an energy audit of your industrial facility. This will help quantify your usage and determine areas of wastage as well as offer recommendations on which energy-efficient upgrades will bring the most returns.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer a full range of industrial electrical services. Whether you are commissioning a new plant, planning a facility expansion or upgrading machinery and equipment, we can help.  Our tailored solutions aim to save you the most money. From machinery to power controls, safety and security systems to testing and commissioning services, we are committed to minimize your liabilities and cost. For over 25 years, industrial plant managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services.

Ask us for a custom plan to improve energy efficiency and productivity in your plant. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes. From installation to maintenance and emergency repairs, our cost-efficient electrical solutions will help optimize your operational efficiency.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. You can also request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

Interior Restaurant and Bar Lighting Ideas

Interior restaurant and bar lighting is essential to customer experience. It impacts how your patrons will feel as well as how the food appears and must therefore appeal to their senses. Focusing on fixture designs and not functionality is one of the biggest mistakes to avoid. While lighting must integrate with architecture and interior design, defining the purpose of the space and how it is used is critical to proper illumination. Simply put, setting the right mood promotes comfort, a longer stay and bigger order.

Our experienced commercial electricians share 3 tips to help you create a lighting plan that will make your restaurant more appealing to your customers.

  1. Color temperature: Every light source has a different color temperature. Even the subtlest difference in white or yellow, for instance, can impact whether or not your customers enjoy the meal. What is the right temperature? It depends on how the space is used. Warm hues are preferable for dining as cooler colors give of greenish hues which can make the food look unpalatable. Research also shows that amber lighting in bars helps people relax and encourages them to drink more.
  2. Brightness: Dim lights are likely to have your patrons fumbling in the dark while going too bright makes the environment harsh and uncomfortable. Once again, lighting intensity depends on purpose and the mood you want to create. Soft lighting for instance, creates a romantic atmosphere for a cozy meal. A night club will have different lighting from a restaurant that is also a dance venue.
  3. Placement: Now that you have selected the right color temperature and brightness, the final step is lighting placement. Getting it right is important both for highlighting interior design as well as functionality. Tables typically have overhead lighting. While bars have soft lights, it is also important to make them seen from the opposite side. Dance and the stage areas require enough lighting to see other dancers and performers as well as the band or DJ. In our experience multiple layers of adjustable lighting contribute to a successful design. You can control illumination to suit different occasions or times in the day. LED solutions are ideal as they are energy efficient and help control your overheads.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer a full range of commercial electrical services for the hospitality industry. From restaurant and bar lighting to refrigeration equipment, our tailored solutions can help you improve your bottom line. For over 25 years, restaurant owners as well as industrial plant managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services.

Ask us for a custom plan to improve customer experience while lowering your energy usage and maintaining a safe workspace. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes. From installation to maintenance and emergency repairs, you can count on us for cost-efficient electrical solutions.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigeration

Essential to food operations and grocery stores, commercial refrigeration equipment operates round-the-clock and contributes to high energy bills. According to the US Department of Energy (DOE), commercial refrigerators typically consume up to 17,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity and large ones around 38,000 kilowatt-hours. Selecting energy-efficient models and making a few operational changes can make a significant difference to your energy bills.

In this article, our experienced commercial electricians share 7 tips to help reduce your energy usage on refrigeration:

  1. Make sure there is adequate space around the equipment: Proper air flow over the heat exchange coils increases efficiency and helps maximize equipment lifespan. Avoid placing refrigerators near prime cooking appliances that emit heat.
  2. Keep the refrigeration system clean: Making sure the condenser and evaporator coils are dust-free helps improve heat transfer, thus lowering the amount of energy used. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for equipment maintenance.
  3. Ensure that gaskets have a tight seal: This prevents warm, humid air from entering the refrigerator that makes it work harder to keep the inside cool. The cooler your refrigerator, the less energy and wastage of food!
  4. Turn off door heaters: Only keep them on when condensation is visible on the doors. Installing adaptive controls which turn on and off automatically when necessary reduces your effort and energy bills.
  5. Install motion sensors for case lighting: Also consider upgrading to LED lighting in refrigerators. In addition to consuming less energy and lasting longer, they give off less heat.
  6. Add night covers or curtains: This prevents refrigerated air from escaping so your commercial refrigeration equipment does not have to run at full power after business hours.
  7. Install automatic door closers for walk-in coolers: This prevents loss of energy from open doors. Never prop open the doors either.

In 2014, the DOE announced new standards which aimed at making commercial refrigerators and freezers 30% more efficient. Replacing old equipment with newer energy efficient models will deliver savings on every bill. Products with the Energy Star label are, on an average, 20% more efficient than standard models.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer a full range of commercial electrical services including refrigeration equipment installation, upgrades and repair. Our tailored solutions for improving energy efficiency have helped hundreds of clients significantly lower their operational expenses. For over 25 years, plant and facility managers depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services.

Ask us for a custom plan to lower your energy usage and maximize equipment service life. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes. From installation to maintenance and emergency repairs, you can count on us for cost-efficient electrical solutions.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial refrigeration projects.

The Importance of GFCI Protection for Commercial Kitchens

GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter) protected receptacles are critical to ensure safe operations in institutional and commercial kitchens, and wet bars. Poorly maintained electrical appliances, damaged electrical cords, wet floors and lack of electrical safety training for employees results in the risk of electrical shocks in kitchens. GFCI protection has therefore, become mandatory. The National Electrical Code (NEC) requires that all receptacles (including 15- and 20A, 125V receptacles) be GFCI-protected, irrespective of whether they are located in countertop areas. More sensitive than circuit breakers, they act faster to protect you, your staff or patrons from electric shock which causes burns, heart arrhythmia or nervous system damage, even death. Kitchens in restaurants, hotels, schools, churches, dining halls, and similar facilities must have GFCI protection.

GFCI Protection vs Regular Circuit Breakers

It is important to understand how GFCI and regular circuit breakers work. Standard fuses and circuit breakers protect the wiring and electrical system from a fire in the event of an overload, but they are not adequate to protect people. Also, the current required to trip a regular circuit breaker is many times greater than the amount needed to inflict a fatal shock.  The GFCI on the other hand, is specifically for protection from electrocution, not fire. The device typically kicks in as little as 1/40th of a second, potentially saving you or your staff from electric shock.

Types of GFCI Protectors

There are two types of GFCIs. GFCI receptacles are most common and similar to a regular wall outlet. GFCI circuit breakers replace traditional ones and provide protection to all receptacles on that particular circuit. An experienced commercial electrician can help you evaluate the pros and cons of each to make an informed decision. Test your GFCI receptacle or circuit breaker every month to ensure it is working properly.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer tailored solutions to install GFCI protection for the outlets in your institutional or commercial kitchen. Our expertise with design and installations helps optimize safety and energy efficiency. For over 25 years, plant and facility managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services.

Ask us for a custom GFCI installation plan to protect your business. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes. From installation to maintenance and emergency repairs, you can rely on us for cost-efficient electrical solutions.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

5 Tips on Parking Lot Lighting

Are you considering installation or upgrades for your parking lot lighting? A well-lit commercial property provides a welcoming space for your clients. It also promotes employee and visitor safety by preventing accidents and deterring criminal activity. Our expert commercial electricians share 5 important points to consider when formulating an efficient parking lot lighting plan.

  1. Evaluate your needs or current lighting: Intensity, uniformity, color, energy-efficiency and cost are important aspects of lighting design. For existing lighting, survey the light levels to determine what changes need to be made.
  2. Determine how much light is adequate: This is largely dependent on the type of business you run. An auto dealership and retail complex might want brighter parking lot lights than an office building that is largely unused after-hours.
  3. Maintain uniformity: Typically, the distance between lighting fixtures is responsible for uneven lighting. Presence of trees and other types of landscaping can also make the task more difficult. Your commercial electrician might have some suggestions on how to overcome landscaping obstacles. For existing lights, map out high and low illumination areas to pinpoint where changes are required.
  4. Consider cost-efficient LED lighting: LED lamps start up instantly and provide up to 100,000 hours of light. They can be replaced easily, and the design flexibility supports retrofitting fixtures to existing poles. In addition to maintaining consistent light intensity and temperatures for the lifespan of the lights, you also get added safety with shock and vibration resistant fixtures.
  5. Invest in surge protection: Your commercial electrician can identify and install the right surge protection device (SPD) which will withstand spikes and save you thousands of dollars in damages to your newly-installed parking lot lighting.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer tailored solutions to install or upgrade parking lot lighting in your commercial or industrial facility. Efficiency, safety and creating a good impression on your customers form the basis of our lighting plans. For over 25 years, plant and facility managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services.

Ask us for a custom parking lot lighting plan that will highlight your business while keeping your energy costs in check. Our extensive experience with light level and load calculations, and fixture layout design expertise contribute to efficiently-lit outdoor and indoor spaces. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes. From installation to maintenance and emergency repairs, you can rely on us for cost-efficient electrical solutions.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.

Warehouse Lighting Controls May Lower Electricity Costs

Efficient warehouse lighting controls can help lower your energy bills and overall operational costs significantly. Keeping all lights on all the time is an expensive way to run your business. Our expert commercial electricians share simple ways to make your lighting more cost-efficient. 

  • Install motion sensor lighting: They sense occupancy and either dim or turn lights off when the space is not in use.
  • Use dimmers: Upgrade to ballasts and LED power drivers with dimming capabilities. Lowering brightness even by a fraction can reduce your energy usage and costs.
  • Switch to scheduled lighting and task tuning: Sophisticated centralized controls allow you to schedule when lighting is turned on and off based on the time of day, week and month to conserve energy. You can reduce usage even further by tuning lighting output to occupant requirements rather than have standard bright lighting across the facility.
  • Join a demand response (DR) program: Many utilities offer reimbursements for participating in a DR program which allows them to control lighting and thermostats based on the load factor.
  • Consider daylight harvesting lighting systems: Sensors determine when artificial lighting is required based on the availability of natural light.
  • Invest in plug load controllers: Having the ability to automatically cycle loads off based on work hours and occupancy can result in measurable energy savings.
  • Promote personal control: Educate your staff about energy efficiency and encourage them to turn off lights when a space is not in use. Installing remote controls, desktop dimming switches and virtual online switches can help with your energy conservation efforts.
  • Have an energy management strategy: Centralized energy management software tools will enable your warehouse manager to monitor and control usage more efficiently. Some systems are also able to detect when individual lights are out or malfunctioning. This helps with efficient maintenance and repairs.

At J & S Electrical Contractors, Inc., we offer tailored solutions for your commercial or industrial facility. Whether you are installing a completely new electrical or lighting system, expanding, or upgrading your facility, we have the capabilities to enhance efficiency, safety and energy savings. For over 25 years, plant and facility managers in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and across the country depend on us for a wide variety of electrical, commercial and mechanical contractor services.

Ask us for a custom warehouse lighting/electrical plan to reduce your operational costs. Our extensive experience with light level and load calculations as well as fixture layout design contributes to a more efficient environment. Our commercial electricians are fully licensed, certified and up-to-date with technology and safety codes. From installation to maintenance and emergency repairs, you can rely on us for economical electrical solutions.

Call us at 215-633-8330 to learn more about our electrical services. Or request a quote online for your commercial and industrial projects.